I was at a post-secondary fair a while back—a night where high school students and their families can learn about post-secondary opportunities from representatives of various colleges, universities and work placements. At one point in the evening a woman approached our TCSA table and said that her daughter is a competitive figure skater and wanted to know if figure skating was represented in the NCAA.
My gut said "no," but I knew I had to double-check—if not in Division I, what about Division II or III? It turns out that I was right, figure skating is not a sport sponsored by the NCAA in any division. I did learn, however, that intercollegiate skating competitions do exist and are governed by U.S. Figure Skating's Collegiate Program Committee, so it is possible to go to a US school and still compete in elite figure skating.
This experience made me think that it could be helpful to list which sports are sponsored by the NCAA by participation of both men and women—for instance, Women's Rowing is sponsored by the NCAA, while Men's Rowing is not. It should also be noted that there are a handful of schools that actually compete in more than one division. A DII or DIII school can classify one men's sport and one women's sport as DI (except football and basketball) as long as that school was already sponsoring the DI sports prior to 2011. For example, St. Lawrence University competes in DI for men's and women's ice hockey and in DIII for all of their other sports.
The following is a list of NCAA sponsored sports. If there's a sport you're interested in from the list below, you can then check to see which colleges and universities compete in DI, DII or DIII in that sport here.
*A mixed team is a varsity intercollegiate sports team on which at least one individual of each gender competes.